MEYER, ANNIE NATHAN (1867–1951), U.S. educator, activist, and writer. Born in New York City to a family of early colonial stock (see nathan family), Meyer was an autodidact. Dissatisfied with the lack of serious educational opportunities for women in New York, Meyer determined to found a college for women within Columbia University, advocating her cause on the speaker's platform and in the press. When she had obtained substantial financial contributions, she negotiated with the trustees of Columbia University, and, in just two years, her efforts were realized. In 1889, two years after her marriage to ALFRED MEYER, a prominent New York physician, Barnard College opened, and Meyer became its lifelong trustee. The Meyers had one daughter who died tragically in 1924. Although Annie Meyer considered herself a feminist, she opposed the women's suffrage movement. Decrying unintelligent use of the vote, she called for the inclusion of an educational clause in the suffrage bill. Meyer was the prolific author of plays, novels, social studies, magazine articles, and art reviews, including Barnard's Beginnings (1935) and Women's Work in America (1891; rep. 1972). Her first novel, Helen Brent, M.D. (1892), celebrated a woman who chose medicine over marriage. However, Meyer idealized motherhood and expressed her opposition to mothers who worked for self-fulfillment in two plays dealing with that theme, The Dominant Sex (1911) and The Advertising of Kate (produced on Broadway in 1921). Another play, Black Souls (produced and published in 1932), dealt with hypocrisy and race relations in the American South. Her autobiography, It's Been Fun, appeared in 1951. Meyer was an active lecturer and publicist who spoke to both Jews and African Americans about the "challenge of prejudice" and the need for pride in one's heritage. True to her principles, she sponsored and supported several Jewish and African-American students at Barnard, including writer Zora Neale Hurston. Early in the 1930s, she recognized the dangers of Nazism and clashed publicly with several prominent New Yorkers whom she accused of antisemitism. Though she was not acknowledged in her lifetime as Barnard College's founder, she never lost her enthusiasm for the school, even as she devoted her energies to literature and social justice causes. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: D. Askowith, Three Outstanding Women (1941); M. Goldenberg, "Annie Nathan Meyer," in: JWA, 2, 918–21. (Myrna Goldenberg (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Annie Nathan Meyer — (February 19, 1867 – September 23, 1951) was an American author and promoter of the higher education of women.Born in New York City,the daughter of Annie August and Robert Weeks Nathan, the Nathans are of America s colonial era Sephardic families …   Wikipedia

  • Meyer, Annie Florance Nathan — ▪ American writer, educator, and antisuffragist née  Annie Florance Nathan  born Feb. 19, 1867, New York, N.Y., U.S. died Sept. 23, 1951, New York City       American writer, educator, and antisuffragist, remembered as the moving force behind the …   Universalium

  • Meyer,Annie Florance Nathan — Mey·er (mīʹər), Annie Florance Nathan. 1867 1951. American writer and a founder of Barnard College at Columbia University (1889). Her plays include The Dominant Sex (1911) and Black Souls (1932). * * * …   Universalium

  • NATHAN, MAUD — (1862–1946), U.S. activist, suffragist, and president of the Consumer s League. The second of four children born to Annie Florance and Robert Weeks Nathan, Nathan descended from a line of Sephardi Jews in America that included Gershom seixas ,… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • NATHAN — NATHAN, U.S. family. SIMON NATHAN (1746–1822), who was born in England, went to the colonies in 1773 by way of Havana. During the Revolution, he supported the revolutionary cause and helped ship supplies to the colonists from Jamaica where he… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Nathan, Maud — ▪ American social leader born Oct. 20, 1862, New York, N.Y., U.S. died Dec. 15, 1946, New York City       American social welfare leader who helped to found the National Consumers League.       Nathan was an elder sister of writer and… …   Universalium

  • Meyer — Verteilung des Namens Meyer in Deutschland (2005) Meyer ist ein deutscher Familienname. Herkunft und Bedeutung Meyer ist eine Form von Meier. Varianten, Bedeutung und Verbreitung siehe dort. Bekannte Namen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Robert Nathan — For the British Intelligence Officer, see Robert Nathan (Indian civil servant). Robert Gruntal Nathan (January 2, 1894–May 25, 1985) was an American novelist and poet.Nathan was born into a prominent New York family. He was educated in the United …   Wikipedia

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